Intimidation “Legally” Defined

The following definitions for “intimidation” are taken from Ballantine’s Law Dictionary (3rd edition), Black’s Law Dictionary (2nd edition), and “Webster’s 1828 Dictionary:”

 


 

(Ballantine’s)

The act of putting another in fear or a state of timidity by means of a threat or declaration of an intention or determination to inure such person by the commission of an unlawful act [Payne v. Wester & Atlantic Railroad Co. 81 Tenn. (13 Lea) 507]. Not necessarily implying an overt act of violence, or even a direct threat of violence [United Constr. Workers v. New Burnside Veneer Co. (Ky) 274 SW2d 787].
 

 (Black’s)

In English law, every person commits a misdemeanor, punishable with a fine or imprisonment, who wrongfully uses violence to or intimidates any other person, or his wife or children, with a view to compel him to abstain from doing, or to do, any act which he has a legal right to do, or abstain from doing [St. 38 & 39 Vict. c. 86 § 7]. This enactment is chiefly directed against outrages by trades-unions. There are similar statutes in many of the United States [See Payne v. Wester & Atlantic Railroad Co., 13 Lea (Tenn.) 514, 49 Am. Rep. 666; Embry v. Com., 79 Ky. 441].

  • Intimidation of voters: This, by statute in several of the states, is made a criminal offense. Under an early Pennsylvania act, it was held that, to constitute the offense of intimidation of voters, there must be a preconceived intention for the purpose of intimidating the officers or interrupting the election [Respublica v. Gibbs, 3 Yeats (Pa.) 429].

 

(Webster’s)

The act of making fearful; the state of being abashed.

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